The Pecking Order Blog

The Pecking Order Vision – The Future of Australian Football

Post by Jake Shorter / 22 March 2017 / 30 Comments

Classic , Featured , Vision

WARNING – this is a big article.  But it needs to be.  A discussion on the future of Australian football, and the creation of a grand Vision that will appeal to every person involved in our sport, cannot be had in the length of a normal article.  By necessity I needed to cover a lot of topics, and I refused to leave anything out.

If you’re looking for the next news article about expansion or promotion/relegation with little substance or new ideas, you’ve come to the wrong place.  iIf you’re ready for an all-encompassing discussion on what the future of Australian football can and should look like, as well as how we can get there and what you can do to help, read on.

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State of the Game

Australia currently has 10 professional football clubs in a closed league, and no stated pathway or plan for increasing that number.  We also have the National Premier Leagues that are split across eight States and Territories and approximately 100 clubs, with no direct link to each other or the A-League.

We have a Whole of Football Plan that showcases the FFA’s vision for the next 20 years, which lacks detail, clarity and ambition, and has failed to excite the footballing public.  The governing body is coming under increased pressure from numerous stakeholders in the game who are unhappy with many aspects of the way football is being run.

The talk at the moment is circling largely around expansion, promotion and relegation and the introduction of a second division.  Those are all great ideas, but I’m thinking much larger.  I’m looking to create an incredibly bold vision that we not only get excited about, but that we can all get behind and be a part of making it happen.

“Such is the energy stored in the huge football community that committed, visionary thinking and behaviour will unleash those huge pent-up reserves. I believe that with this type of mentality, the metrics will be washed away in a tsunami of positive responses from the football community. Give them something to chase, something towards which they can build, something that will make their dreams come to life. Empower them and just see how quickly it can happen.” Ange Postecoglou


The Pecking Order Vision

To have 50 professional football clubs in Australia, over 1,000 professional players and 50 professional coaches, and to allow any club in Australia to be involved in that growth.  The official football pyramid will be open to any club in the country, with the ability to join at the bottom and have a clear and transparent path to the Professional Leagues.  Professional clubs will play out of club-owned, purpose-built stadiums, and clubs at all levels will be encouraged to invest in their facilities knowing that there are rewards for doing so.

The system itself will encourage and reward sustainable growth at all levels.  The big clubs at the top will drive the elite level of our game forward, including professionalism, quality of football, mainstream popularity and commercial value.  The clubs underneath the top tier will drive the game forward in terms of football infrastructure, player and coach development, innovation, participation and community engagement.  And critically, all clubs will have the potential to move up and down the pyramid to find their place, without being locked into (or out of) anything for the future.

The responsibility for our future will be in the collective hands of the footballing public, with guidance and oversight from a governing body that is inclusive, ambitious and innovative.  The FFA won’t have to create professional clubs; instead they will be created organically with the FFA setting the roadmap.

And all of this will be done in a way that is conscious of the commercial realities of competing in a very competitive sporting market, across a country the size of Australia.

The most important components to achieving this vision are transparency, inclusiveness and opportunity.


A Disclaimer

I caveat this whole thing by acknowledging that in Australian football, someone is always unhappy (or more accurately in recent times, a lot of someones).  I can guarantee that there will be people who don’t bother reading this full article (it’s necessarily long to pre-emptively answer questions and hopefully explain my logic and reasoning), and will leave comments like ‘it’ll never work’ and ‘where’s the money come from?’.

For those who get past the wall of text, firstly thank you.  And secondly, there’s a chance that you will find issues based on how my suggestions affect your particular club or league or State.  And that’s completely understandable.  But I ask you to put aside your club or league-specific opinion for a short period and read the following from an Australian football point of view.  My opinion is that these types of grand visions and long term strategic plans need to start at that level, and then the focus can filter down to the micro levels for improvement.

I’ll also say up front that this might seem like something we (as a collective football community) aren’t in a position to think about or implement at this time.  There will be those who say ‘that might sound like a good idea, but let’s focus on x, y and z first’.  My response to that is that this is definitely a long term vision, but is absolutely something that we should focus on AND CAN IMPLEMENT now.  Why space out steps 1, 2 and 3 when you can do all three at once in a sustainable and effective way?  It’s very easy to say ‘that won’t work’.  It’s much harder, but infinitely more rewarding, to ask ‘how can that work?’.

With that in mind, please read on.


The Issues

Before we start talking about the answers, the first thing to do is to define the problems.  And the way I see it, there are a few key ones that keep coming up in media, in club statements, conversations in football circles, forums, football results and even indicated by the FFA’s metrics.

Player Development – This has been a big one recently, sparked up again on the back of some dismal Asian Champions League results for Australian teams. I’m not a junior coach and haven’t had the exposure to today’s young players to make a judgement on this issue.

But it’s an age-old question – how do we provide the best environment to develop world class players?  And I’m sure that there’s not one thing that will be the Holy Grail here, but even if you believe that there’s no problem with our player development, you can’t argue against continually looking for ways to improve the process and environment.

Coach Development – Maybe not mentioned as often as the issue of player development, but the question is whether we are producing enough quality Australian coaches, and if we are, are we giving them enough opportunities to continue their development and prove themselves at higher levels?

Referee Development – We all like to complain about the refereeing, and I’m on the side of the fence that says it’s actually not that bad in the A-League (we’re hardly unique in complaining about referee mistakes). But whether it’s an issue or not, if we’re going to develop the professionalism of our game, we need the referees to keep up.

Lack of incentive – The biggest clubs outside the A-League right now have no incentive to invest or improve themselves, or to move towards a professional set up. There is a ceiling at the top of the NPL, and these clubs have no way to move beyond it, and no indication from the FFA that it’ll change anytime soon.

Lack of Inclusiveness – we continually hear (and talk) about the strength of football, being our huge participation numbers at the grassroots level. We have passionate football people in every city and town around the country, and one of the biggest complaints they have is that they feel completely ignored by the decision makers.

Included in those ranks of clubs are those who have produced numerous Socceroos and have the development systems in place to continue to do so, as well as some with serious financial clout ready to invest if given the right incentive.  They don’t believe in the direction Australian football is headed, because the FFA hasn’t set out a vision that they can get behind.  Which leads me to…

Lack of Vision – The biggest issue overall is that the leaders in football have a distinct lack of vision and purpose, and the five points I’ve listed above are symptomatic of this. For a long time we’ve used phrases like ‘sleeping giant’ to describe football in Australia, and the FFA keeps reminding us of the huge participation base.

And yet, when the FFA released their Whole of Football Plan which stated that in 20 years we’d be the number 1 sport in the country, what was the reaction?  It certainly wasn’t excitement and a sense of purpose.  An aim like that should unite the football community and have us all working towards it.  The problem was a lack of substance behind the claim, and ultimately a lack of vision.  They failed to sell the dream.

Australian football needs an ultimate vision for where the game is headed, and it needs to involve every single person involved with the game in some form.

You might believe that some of these issues are bigger than others, and you probably have your own thoughts as to how they can be solved.  I encourage you to share them.  The collective thinking of the football community is a significant asset that we don’t use enough.  I believe that my suggestions below provide at least a partial answer to all of the above issues.


The Australian Football Pyramid of the future

I’ll dive straight in by showing you my vision for what the Australian football pyramid can and should look like.  Imagine an all-inclusive system with 10 tiers of football, two of which are fully professional, which has over 500 clubs competing and is open to any other club around the country who wants to participate.

Better than that, it’s designed to encourage investment in facilities and player development and reward those that have a desire and take action towards becoming a professional club.  At the same time, it finds balance with the current A-League and provides some protection for those professional clubs. It also allows the A-League to remain the key commercial driver for our sport, while taking the shackles off all other clubs and allowing them to drive the game forward at the elite level.  In other words, it engages clubs at all levels to play their part in growing football, and clubs of all sizes have a part to play.

Believe it or not (and I’ll prove it shortly), it’s a structure that is very similar to what we have now, but with a few changes that all fall under the same category – they encourage growth, inclusiveness and a drive to professionalism.  Note that I’ve left out the regional leagues and focussed on the State Leagues in this diagram.  There are just as many clubs outside of this setup in regional associations who underpin everything and have the potential to be linked to this as well.

Click the image to view in full size


Let me explain…


Professional Leagues

The starting point is to have a two-tier Professional League at the head of the pyramid, with the A-League and A2 League.  I won’t go into which teams should be in each league because this is a big picture conversation.  But needless to say, if the FFA invite applications and set out clear and transparent criteria (which they should be doing right now anyway!), there would be more than enough submissions to expand the A-League to 12 or 14, and also have the remaining applicants move into an A2 League (subject to criteria being met).

The focus should be on having every State represented and at least two clubs from each major city.  Immediately we can increase the number of professional clubs in Australia from 10 to around 20.

Promotion and relegation between the A-League and A2 can begin at any time, but I’d suggest waiting at least two years and using that time for a staged removal of the salary cap, giving clubs time to prepare and the new clubs to settle in.

‘WHAT?! No salary cap you say??’  That’s right, for promotion and relegation to work it needs to go.  In its place, I’d implement either of the following rules, both of which allow a club, if they want to, to increase their costs in a sustainable and responsible way:

1. All clubs must remain in the black. Any team that stays in the red for more than three consecutive years will lose its Professional License (more on this later). The J League successfully uses a similar rule.

2. Owner investment cannot form more than X% of revenue. I.e the club must increase its other revenue streams (sponsorships, gate takings, merchandise, etc.) and not rely predominantly on the owners throwing in cash.

An important point that I don’t want to be missed, is that no team from the Professional Leagues can be relegated below A2 until we have the desired number of teams in both the A-League and A2 League.  If a club continues to meet the criteria for a Professional License (see below), they cannot be relegated below the A2.

The justification is twofold.  First, it provides protection for the existing A-League clubs, which like it or not, will be a significant sticking point for the FFA and the club owners.  And secondly, no fully professional club should be relegated to a semi-professional league when we’re still in a growth phase where increasing the number of professional clubs is the priority.  There will be people who don’t like this, but I think it’s necessary in the short term.


Conference Leagues

These Leagues are essentially the same as the current State-based NPLs, but with a few minor tweaks.  The biggest problem I see with the NPL in its current format is that we go from one tier (the A-League) with 10 clubs to a second tier (NPL) with around 100 teams.  It’s a huge gap in quality and professionalism.

An effective pyramid structure needs to have a larger number of teams at the base, but it needs to have a gradual increase in numbers as you go down each tier.  I think that making the Conference tier narrower (i.e five leagues) goes part way to solving this issue, while also recognising that some NPLs are stronger than others and will be more effective if placed at the appropriate level.

The way I’ve moved some State NPLs into a single Conference won’t sit well with everyone.  I don’t know all the State-specific issues and intricacies, so please don’t crucify me for it.  But understand the important reasoning behind it:

1. It’s important that each level of the pyramid provides an adequate step up in both football quality and professionalism from the tier below it. For a team that is promoted to a higher tier, it should encourage the club to grow to that new level, but not be too large of a gap that it becomes overwhelming and unlikely that they can compete at that level consistently.  And vice versa, the drop for a relegated team should not be so great that they lose all momentum and reduce their professionalism.  Instead, it should provide them a platform to regroup and aim for a move back up the pyramid.

2. It’s also critical that we don’t ask amateur clubs to travel large distances (increasing costs) where it can be avoided. For example, it might make sense for SA and WA to combine into a single conference, but the reality of distance makes it impractical.

Similar to the current NPL, there will be a NPL Championship, or as I’ve called it a Promotion Playoff, to select the teams that would move into the A3 League.  I don’t pretend to have the best process, but here’s what I’d suggest –

The two bottom teams from the A3 are automatically relegated back to their relevant Conferences.  The third bottom team will join each of the five Conference winners (total of six teams) in the Promotion Playoffs.  The six teams will be drawn randomly into three home and away fixtures, with the three winners moving into the A3 League.

The only criteria I’d set for clubs moving into the A3 is that they hold a Transitional License (explained below).


State Leagues

Below the Conference Leagues, the pyramid broadens again to the State level, and essentially reflects the current set up in each State.  Each should be linked to the tiers below it with promotion and relegation (choose whatever format you think best).


The Critical Components

A3 League

Underneath the A2 League will be A3, and this (along with the Licenses discussed below) is the most important component to the overall TPO Vision.

A3 will be the Transition League which transforms clubs from amateur/semi-professional into fully professional clubs.  The J League has used a very similar concept to successfully increase the number of professional Japanese clubs from 10 in 1993 to over 50 today.

The A3 will only be open to clubs who hold a Transitional License, which indicates that the club intends to become fully professional in the future and is working towards that goal.  It is therefore open to any club who shows intention to become professional.  The League itself operates the same as any other, but with conditional promotion to the A2 only.  There are two conditions to be met for promotion from A3 to A2:

Performance – the club must meet the performance criteria, whether that’s winning the league, finishing top two, or top four. Let someone on a higher pay packet than me decide. Typical promotion kind of stuff.

Hold a Professional License – more on this in a minute, but gaining a Professional License indicates that the club is ready and able to become a professional club and enter the Professional Leagues.

So you see that the A3 League is a critical component of the pyramid, with the key purpose being to transition clubs from amateur/semi-professional to holding Professional Licenses.  At the same time, it does not exclude clubs from competing in the A3 if they don’t yet hold a Professional License, giving a taste of what professionalism might look like to the semi-professional clubs.

Some will argue against conditional promotion and that it should be based solely on results.  I think that argument misses the point.  Having minimum conditions that must be met acts as an incentive and encouragement for ambitious clubs to improve themselves.  Only one club might get promoted each year, but all 10 of them will be doing all they can off the field to be ready if it’s them.

Minimum criteria also allows the FFA to maintain certain standards in its Professional Leagues, therefore protecting the commercial product.  I believe it’s a ‘best of both worlds’ scenario.


The Transition to Professionalism – Licenses

There will be two levels of License that will drive the progression of a club into the Professional Leagues.

The first is for clubs who hold a Professional License.  A Professional License will be awarded to any club that applies to the FFA for such a license and meets the strict criteria that will be set out by FFA in a clear and transparent manner.  Every club in the A1 and A2 must hold a Professional License.  For a club in the A3 to achieve promotion to the Professional Leagues they must meet the performance criteria (e.g. finish top of the A3) AND hold a Professional License.

The key here is that the criteria must be made public knowledge and be measureable.  Every club should know exactly where they stand against each criteria.  An example of good criteria might be ‘a club must have 1,000 signed up and paid members’.  An example of bad criteria is ‘a club must add value to the league’.  This is the sort of thing that creates ambiguity and leaves it open to subjectivity and self-interest, which in the past has been shown to lead to distrust.

An example of the things the minimum criteria might address are club ownership and legal structure, number of administrative employees, financial management systems, sponsorships, memberships and average attendance figures, facilities, stadium availability, minimum revenue, capital/bank guarantees, business plans, junior and women’s setups, and community support.  I.e. all the things that would prove that the club is setup to become fully professional.

The second type of License is a Transitional License.  This type of License is open to any club who applies to FFA and meets the criteria.  It will include similar criteria to that of the Professional License but significantly relaxed, and in some cases (e.g. stadium) just have a plan to tackle that criteria in the future.  It is essentially a license that is awarded to clubs who have stated an intention to become a professional club.

In order to gain promotion to the A3, a club must meet the performance criteria and ALSO hold a Transitional License.  These Licenses will be reviewed periodically (e.g. every two years).

The reason these Licenses are such a critical component of the overall system is that it gives clear objectives for ambitious clubs to meet in order to progress through the tiers and into the Professional Leagues.


The most important of the Professional Criteria – Stadium

I don’t want to go into what the criteria should be for each of the Licenses, but there’s one I wanted to mention, because it’s critical to the future of football in Australia.

Imagine that every A-League and A2 club owns their own stadium – some are smaller suburban grounds holding 10k people, and others are grand 40k capacity stadiums.  Some already exist and will be upgraded, and some will be brand new football-specific stadiums.  The thing they have in common is that they all have the adequate facilities, and they are all owned or controlled by a professional football club.  Imagine what Australian football would look like in that scenario.

I don’t think I’ve ever heard anyone disagree with the idea that owning our own stadiums would be incredibly positive for football, but it’s such a big leap to get to that point that we put it in the ‘too hard’ basket and let it be an issue we deal with in the future.  Fair enough.

But this article is all about a grand vision for football in Australia, and what better place to talk about it than here?  In fact, it absolutely MUST be part of this conversation.  How can we have a bold, long term vision that doesn’t include one of the things that would have the biggest impacts on our sport?  We can’t.

And what better way to address it, than to make it a part of the criteria for professional clubs.  Shift the onus onto the clubs to find a way.  Are they truly committed to being a professional club that drives football forward in Australia?  Then surely owning their own stadium should be part of that future.

Now, I’m not suggesting the clubs are in a position right now to go out and build/buy stadiums – far from it.  I’m suggesting that at a minimum, it should be part of having a Professional License that each club put an actual plan in place to get to that point in the next 10 years.  Not every club will be able to do that.  But our future as a sport depends on visionary and ambitious leaders, including at a club level, and we should reward those who are willing to take on that responsibility.


The Women’s Game

Some will have noticed that I’ve been quiet on the women’s side of football.  I must confess that I’ve had almost no involvement in the women’s game, and don’t feel confident enough to comment in any sort of detail.

Having said that, the women’s side of the game is incredibly important to the future of football, and needs a detailed discussion of its own as to what is needed going forward.

I’ll make two comments.  The first is that having a grand vision for all of football that is supported by all stakeholders and that we work towards together, will lift all parts of our game.

The second is that I believe the Professional Criteria should include the requirement for all A-League and A2 clubs to have a W-League side that is run in-house.  All new clubs that are introduced to the Professional Leagues will be added to the elite ranks of both the men and women.


What changes are required?

At this point, you probably think I’m crazy because you can see all the significant things that need to change to make this a reality.  And I don’t want to downplay the amount of effort it would take to get to this point.  But now is the time to be bold – it’s time for growth, not consolidation.  Let me show you what the Australian football ‘pyramid’ looks like today.

Click the image to view in full size


Now let me show you what needs to change to get us from the current structure to the future one according to TPOs Vision.

In doing this I’ve removed everything that can stay the same as it is now.  The only changes that are required are being shown in red.

Click the image to view in full size


All of this pie in the sky, ‘transform Australian football’, ‘become all-inclusive while protecting the professionalism and commercial side of the game’ type thinking, can be achieved through just a few key changes.

On top of that, some of these will happen in the coming years anyway, and some are not 100% necessary:

1. ACT NPL being linked via promotion and relegation to the league below it (Capital League) will happen in the next few years. Same goes for the WA Div1 being linked to Div2.

2. Renaming the NSW and VIC NPL and having the TAS, ACT and NNSW leagues being linked to these ‘Conferences’?  Adding Northern Territory to the offical pyramid?  I think these things are in the best interests of the system, but if it’s too difficult, leave them out!  The system will still work.

The only changes required are to implement two new leagues – the A2 and the A3 Leagues.  As I said, I don’t want to downplay the significance of these changes, because they are huge.  But those are the only 100% critical changes needed to unite football.  And it can be done now.


Timeline for Implementation

At this stage, I’ve stated what I think the final product needs to look like, and I’ve shown that the only real changes are to introduce the A2 and A3 League, along with promotion and relegation and scrapping the salary cap (more on this shortly).

A process like that has to happen over a long time frame right, like 20 years?  Wrong.

This structure could be fully implemented and running in six.  And that’s allowing plenty of time for planning and consultation, an application process, preparation time for new professional clubs and a gradual introduction of promotion and relegation, at the same time as the salary cap is scaled back.

Click the image to view in full size


Items 1-6 show when each of the Leagues will run.  Again, this is not the key message here, other than to show how the leagues could fit together to give at least three months and at most six months in every case for a promoted or relegated club to prepare for the next season.

Items 7-17 are the important ones for making the changes required.

7. I’ve given more than enough time for the relevant parties to come together to put a plan on the table (20 months). However, if there’s any area of this timeline where it’ll take longer than expected, it’ll be deciding on a plan that all agree with.

8 & 9. At the end of the consultation process the FFA should be in a position to release a transparent and measurable set of criteria for both the Professional and Transitional Licenses.

10. Parties will have the preceding two years, as well as six months after the criteria are released to put together their bids. Bids will be due 18 months prior to the start of the A2 and A3 Leagues, allowing plenty of time for clubs to prepare.

12 & 13. The salary cap needs to go.  I’ll talk more about this shortly.  My preference would be for it to be removed in one go, but I’ve taken a conservative approach and allowed time for it to be progressively removed over two seasons.

15. The first two years of A2 and A3 will see no promotion and relegation to allow clubs to settle and get used to their new life as Professional or Transitional clubs. It will also allow clubs to get used to a world without the salary cap.

16. At the end of the second A2 season promotion and relegation with the A-League can begin. Alternatively, promotion only could be used to increase the number of teams in the A-League.

17 & 18. At the end of the third A2 and A3 season promotion and relegation will be fully implemented.

All of this gets us a fully functioning pyramid with three national tiers and seven state/regional tiers, of which two are fully professional, with no salary cap and full promotion and relegation from Tier 1 to Tier 10.  And it can all be in place, using conservative timeframes, by the end of 2023!


Why implement the A2 and A3 at the same time?

It will be tempting for people to ask why we don’t take a staged approach to introducing new leagues.  My first response would be to ask why we’d delay something that has huge benefits when we don’t have to?

But I should explain why I believe both leagues are incredibly important in their own right and neither should be delayed.

Firstly, the A3 League.  Aside from the ultimate purpose of driving clubs from semi-professional to professional status, the key benefit is that it opens up the possibilities for the huge pool of grassroots clubs, and offers an incentive for ambitious clubs to invest.  If we truly want football to grow, we need to tap into the huge resource of passionate football people outside the professional set up.  The A3 League does this by removing the ceiling that is currently in place.

The major importance of the A2 League is that it creates a platform to set up new professional clubs, without disrupting and causing damage to the flagship competition – the A-League.  It also allows the FFA to test new franchises/clubs before admitting them to the A-League, and they can do it in an environment that they control (the Professional Leagues).

And finally, if nothing else, the A2 League creates a buffer so that semi-professional clubs have a stepping stone to aim for, without having to jump directly to the top league (which the FFA would never allow, and nor should they).  I.e. the A2 and A3 combo makes it possible to have a full promotion and relegation system without damaging the FFA’s premier competition, and giving the rest of the pyramid what they want (and need) – a clear set of criteria that give them the potential and opportunity to earn a seat at the table.

The two leagues are critical in their own right, but are far more powerful when combined.


Dispelling the Myths

I want to touch on a couple of things that I commonly hear in football circles in relation to timing and commitment to changes in football.

Financial Stability

The first is the notion of ‘financial stability’, and the argument I hear is that we need to hold off on any changes until the current A-League clubs, or the league itself, is financially stable.  It’s one of those things that gets thrown around and used as a reason to delay any big changes, and yet, I’m not sure that anyone’s really stopped to think about what it means.

What does a ‘financially stable’ club look like?  How do we define it?  If the big goal is to make sure all our elite clubs are financially stable, why has no one asked the following question – how will we know when we get there?

If your answer is that the league must be structured in a way that allows all clubs to spend within their means, I think we’re already at that point.  The problem is that it’s down to the management of the individual club as to how they do that.  Should we punish not only the other A-League clubs, but all football in Australia, because a particular management team performs poorly?

And we only need to look at the big football leagues around the world to see that a significant number of clubs rely heavily on rich owners to cover ‘losses’ (side note – why do we think about them as losses?  Let’s reframe our thinking on this.  It’s not a loss, it’s an investment made by the owner).

In a competitive environment, where clubs are continually under pressure to keep up with the other clubs, we will always see decisions made by club management that are in direct opposition to ‘financial stability’.  Any team could cut their staff numbers, marketing budget, let their expensive players go and replace with cheaper alternatives, all in an effort to cut costs.  But it won’t happen and nor should it.  But we can’t put a hold on progress because of poor club management.

On top of that, even if you can define financial stability, the reality is that we will never reach it.  In a competitive environment, any additional revenue will just result in additional expenditure.  A bigger TV deal won’t make a club financially viable, it’ll increase that club’s ability to spend money.  It doesn’t force a club to spend less than it earns in revenue.  A club with income of $2M can go bankrupt just as easily as a club earning $100M if the wrong management team is in place.

And finally, this whole argument is only important if you’re assumption is for the A-League to remain closed, and for the current clubs to be the entire future of our elite game.  With a shift in thinking (which is the whole point of this article), it becomes obvious that if a club makes poor financial decisions or goes beyond its means, there are clubs waiting to take their place.  In fact, it’s another way to drive professionalism and strive for better-run clubs, because those that aren’t at that level will be left behind.


Expansion as the Answer

Expanding the A-League is probably the thing that gets the most coverage in the media, and is spoken about as the most critical step for Australian football.  And it’s an argument I find immensely frustrating.  Because once again, it’s something that is spouted as fact without a lot of thought.  And worse, the argument is often that we must expand the A-League first, before we (as a football community) do anything else.  Based on what?!  Firstly, why do we have to do things in isolation?  And secondly, why is expansion step one?

I don’t think anyone would argue that 10 is the right number of teams for the A-League, but my view is that expansion is a band-aid fix.  Let’s talk about a few of the benefits if expansion is done in isolation:

– Additional professional spots for players (if two teams, around 40 new Australian spots created)

– An extra Australian coach or two at the top level

– More games per season

– Added interest for the fans (temporarily)

– Probably more derby games (depending on the location of the expansion clubs)

– (Minimal) additional value from the TV Deal

All of those are good things.  But here’s a list of things that isolated expansion would also bring:

– A subjective and ambiguous selection process that results in multiple bids being rejected and ill-will created (does anyone expect the FFA to conduct an open and transparent process?)

– Potential investment into the game being turned away when the failed bids disappear

– More irrelevant games at the bottom of the table each season

– The added interest for fans will only be temporary. In a few years, the same conversations that involve the words ‘stale’ and ‘boring’ will be had.  In effect, the added interest from a fan point of view is a novelty only

– Increased resentment from the rest of the football pyramid who still feel excluded and ignored (which is exactly what they are)

– Increased animosity between stakeholders in the game who should be working together

Expansion by itself doesn’t address any of the real problems in Australian football, and if anything, makes some of them worse.  I am absolutely in favour of expanding the A-League, but only as a small part of a much larger answer.


Removal of the Salary Cap – Taking the shackles off the big boys

The purpose of this article is about a grand vision, how and when it can be done, why it should be done, and pre-empting some questions along the way.  A key step in the process will be scrapping the salary cap, as it can’t exist alongside a promotion and relegation system.  I don’t want to go into too much detail on this point, as it takes me a little off topic (and there’s enough reading here already!).  But suffice to say, that there are several reasons the salary cap should go:

– A restrictive annual salary cap conspires against title holders each season. Every year, title winning stars seek and deserve increased remuneration, but a salary cap makes that impossible for clubs to provide.  The salary cap deliberately punishes our best clubs for their success.

– Following on from that point, it makes it very difficult to compete in the Asian Champions League. Instead of strengthening their squads for next year’s ACL, our clubs struggle to maintain their current squad for the reason stated above.  There are numerous examples of this.

– The salary cap restricts the growth of the big clubs who should be driving the sport forward. It forces rich clubs to under-spend (what they otherwise would be able to) and the poor clubs to overspend. By default, a salary cap must restrict all clubs to a level achievable by the weakest club, otherwise it would fail.

– Something that I think is overlooked is that the salary cap creates an attitude of entitlement and expectation where every fan expects to win. It’s often used as the reason for why we need the salary cap (keeps all teams competitive), but I’d argue that it does a lot of damage from a fan engagement perspective.

It’s not a lack of success that keeps fans from turning up.  It’s the fact that when every fan starts the season thinking their team can win, nine out of ten clubs fall short of those expectations.  And that’s what turns fans away.

If a casual fan expects their team to be winning, but they are in sixth, that’s a failure.  If a team’s goal is to avoid relegation, a fan goes into that season knowing it’ll be tough and expecting a struggle.  A 7th place finish in that case is still a success compared to expectations, and the fans won’t feel like their team has failed.  The salary cap sets the expectations high for EVERY club.  Let a club find its proper place in the pyramid and the fans’ expectations will adjust to that.

– The salary cap is putting the responsibility on the FFA to assist in bringing in big name players. Scrap the cap and let the big clubs bring in the big names.  FFA should be offloading that responsibility and cost.

– The salary cap doesn’t make any single A-League season more competitive – quite the opposite. Instead it balances out the winners over the long term, at the expense of restricting the growth of the big clubs. Winning something every 5-10 years might sound like a great way to keep fans interested, but it sets expectations that by design can only be met 10% of the time.

– It works in NRL and AFL because they have all the players. We’re competing in a global marketplace and disadvantaging ourselves.  We’re capping potential.

– There are other ways to restrict spending. For example, implementing a 4+1 rule means clubs that want to be successful have to invest in and understand the Australian market.

– We need to change our thinking from focussing on individual clubs to focussing on the league itself. The success of the A-League and of professional football doesn’t depend on Central Coast Mariners, Adelaide United or even Sydney FC being in the league in 25 or 50 years.  Clubs come and go.  Fans come and go. Owners come and go. Sponsors come and go. Players come and go.  The only thing that remains constant is the league itself.


The Elephant in the room – Money

Easily the most common objection I hear to any sort of sweeping changes or grand vision for Australian football is the question of funding.  There’s a general acceptance by those in the discussion that we just can’t afford to make the changes needed, and we look to the losses made by A-League clubs and the FFA to back up that claim.

I absolutely hate this argument.  It blows my mind that we can allow any sort of positive change for our game to be put on the scrap heap before we’ve even really looked at the problem.  Once again, I keep hearing ‘it won’t work’ instead of ‘how can we make it work?’.

Don’t get me wrong, money is a critical factor in all this.  But it’s ridiculous that we let it define what we can even talk about.

I don’t have all the answers, far from it.  But I’ll throw a few arguments and numbers out there that will hopefully show that we, as a football community, accept the money argument far too often and easily.  And that when you bring together the minds of hundreds of thousands (and even millions) of passionate football people, spectacular things can happen.


What does it really cost?

The first question I want to tackle is what the system I’m suggesting actually costs, because that’s always the first criticism I get.  Again, I will caveat this to say that I don’t have all the answers.  That’s not the point.  This is about sparking a discussion instead of accepting that we can’t afford change before we even look at it.

Let’s start with the A3 League, because in my mind that’s the most important and also the easiest one to answer.  This league will be filled with existing clubs who currently compete in the NPL.  I.e. they already have revenue and expense budgets and manage to survive under the current State-based structure.  Some are in a better position than others, and those that struggle under the current structure either need to improve their situations or won’t be the clubs in the A3.

In terms of what the A3 League will cost the FFA to set up and run, my answer is this – Nothing.  Or more accurately, nothing from the current revenue that the FFA receives.  It will have no impact on anything the FFA currently looks after and won’t take away from any other area of the game.  How can this be possible?  Because the league will take applications from clubs on the understanding that any additional costs they incur due to moving into a national league will be covered by the league itself and by those clubs.

Sounds harsh?  Maybe, but keep in mind that any increase in costs for players, administration, etc. will be entirely discretionary and up to the club.  If they want to keep costs as they are right now (while playing in the State-based NPL), they can do that and simply take on the additional travel cost that playing in a national league requires.  And to offset that, you have to assume that a well-run club will have additional sponsorship and corporate support opportunities simply by playing in a national league.

The next argument will be that no clubs would apply on that basis.  My response – how do we know until we create the opportunity and ask the question?  I’d also point to the recently formed Association of Australian Football Clubs (AAFC – an association that has been set up to represent NPL clubs) as an indication that there are ambitious clubs ready and willing to go.

So to sum up the answer to funding the A3 League, at worst it will be fully funded by the clubs who apply on that basis and will cost the FFA nothing.  Not a bad start hey?

The more difficult question to answer is what the A2 League will cost.  And it will depend on what you assume the A2 looks like in terms of professionalism.  It’s important to remember that it is a fully professional league and needs to be funded as such.  But offsetting that is the fact that it will not be at the same level as the A-League, so costs will be lower.

Let me throw a scenario at you.  In the current season, each A-League club receives approximately $2.6M per year from the FFA.  But that is after 12 seasons.  When the A-League started we didn’t have a huge TV deal or big revenues.  The salary cap was $1.5M, and the distribution from FFA to the clubs was less than that. And yet, it was still a professional league.  I propose that the A2 League can begin in a similar way.

Let’s say the A2 League is initially limited to 10 clubs.  Instead of receiving $2.6M as the A-League clubs do now, let’s assume the FFA gives each club $1M per season.  And when the A2 League commences, all clubs have owners (i.e. not the FFA).  So, there are no start up or running costs the FFA must cover.  This scenario will cost the FFA a total of $10M.

Once again, it is important that the FFA sets out the criteria for application, including what funds they will receive.  All applications for the A2 League will be done with this understanding in place.

This scenario might be unpalatable for some clubs.  But the reality is that we only need 10 clubs/franchises who are willing to meet these criteria for the League to exist.

Now, this is a very simplistic look at things, and I know there would be other costs the FFA would incur in running these leagues.  But we’re talking at a high level here, and I’ve set out a scenario that allows us to implement both the A2 and A3 League at a total cost to the FFA of $10M per year.  Not a small amount of money, but maybe not the insurmountable number that some assume.


How do we pay for it?

Before I get into some funding ideas, I think it’s worth putting the numbers we’re talking about into context.  Former Socceroo and FFA Board Member Jack Reilly has estimated that over the past 12 years, approximately $3.283 Billion (that’s billion with a B) has been spent on developing the A-League and the wider game, and at least $313M has been lost in football across Australia to give us the current system.  Over $3 billion!  And I’m talking about $10M, which will transform football in this country.  Now who’s going to tell me we can’t afford it, or at least spend the time to look at the possibilities?

Once again, I’ll say up front that I don’t profess to have all the answers (and you’ll likely disagree with some of my ideas), but I’d like to highlight several ways that we, as a football community, can come up with at least $10M per year to pay for the A2 and A3 Leagues.  The point is to start a discussion and hopefully get people thinking, instead of blindly believing the popular sentiment that portrays us as the poor sport scraping for spare change.

  • New TV deal – the most obvious one is for the FFA to fund the A2 League from the new TV deal that has recently been signed. The A-League clubs are arguing for a bigger slice of that pie, but if we’re committed to growing the game in Australia we need to be realistic about where the funds should go.  Taking this approach would also mean that no other area of the game is seeing funds taken away.  In absolute terms, it increases the amount FFA will be giving to the professional game.
  • Remove the National Youth League – There will be plenty who argue against this, but in reality, what are we getting from the NYL? No commercial benefit (a second professional division would contribute something in that sense), and it’s only eight games long.  I understand that it’s about player development, but if we’re not going to fully commit to a NYL, why have it at all given the cost?
  • Remove the Marquee Fund – This is another obvious one to me. The FFA have committed to having $18M available in the marquee fund, with the argument that big names will help drive the game forward.  My counter to that is to remove the salary cap and let the big clubs bring the big names in themselves.  It’s not the FFA’s responsibility to be paying for players.  If given the choice between the FFA paying for a couple of big name players and a professional second division, it’s a no-brainer.
  • New commercial opportunities – A fully professional second division would create several revenue streams of its own, which can go back into running the league. New corporate sponsorships and naming rights partners can be brought in (Red Bull A2 League anyone?), additional TV revenue can be obtained (even if $1-5M per year for all games exclusively, that helps pay for the league).  It won’t bring in anything approaching what the A-League does, but it’s ridiculous to think the league can’t fund itself to some extent.
  • Funded by the owners – Just to highlight that there are options that haven’t been explored, I’ll throw this one in. The $10M ($1M per club) can be funded by the owners.  Or to put it another way, the FFA don’t give the A2 League clubs anything at all.  Until we explore the option and ask the question of potential A2 clubs, how can we rule this out?
  • Crowdfunding – Let’s get creative. We have thousands of people in the football community who are passionate about the game.  We might complain about aspects of it, but we continue to follow it regardless, and probably will our entire lives.  There are plenty of big companies that would kill for such a loyal group of followers, and for the companies that do have that sort of following, they know how to extract value.

Could the FFA tap into the community, selling people on the idea of creating a legacy?  How many people and businesses would contribute money on a voluntary basis to get a competition up and running that was part of a bold and exciting vision for Australian football?  How many of those who talk about wanting change would invest their money in that vision if it was made available to them and they truly believed in it?

I’ll throw an idea out there with regards to crowd funding.  Create a campaign where people can pledge $3,000, and in return, when the league gets up and running, that person becomes a lifetime ticket holder for the A2 League.  In other words, that person can go to any A2 game in the future without paying, for as long as the league runs.  And that’s on top of being a part of creating a legacy.  I’d sign up to that.  Would 10,000 others?  That’s $30M right there.

  • ‘Giving back to the game’ Fund – We often hear from past Australian players about wanting to give back to the game. Is it just talk or are they ready and willing to put their name to something that will contribute to the game for generations to come?

What if the golden generation got together to pool their resources, their influence, their networks, to get this off the ground?  Imagine the sort of buzz that would create.  Instead of starting an academy that would help a handful of kids (at a cost), or owning/contributing to a particular team, what if they were able to instead create the first ever fully integrated Australian football pyramid that changed the face of the game?  Can we give those guys a vision to believe in?

*   *   *

Some of these ideas have more merit than others, but with a combination of these do we really believe we can’t fund $10M per year?  Especially if it means we get a fully integrated pyramid with two professional leagues and a system that actively encourages the growth and investment in football clubs all around the country?  A system that will take us from 10 professional clubs to 50?

These sorts of grand visions are not as far out of reach as people assume.  In fact, it’s quite the opposite.  The only thing holding us back is our lack of belief and commitment to the cause.


What Would This All Mean?

Let’s pretend for a minute that the TPO Vision becomes a reality.  That the football community at all levels come together to make it happen.  What does Australian football look like at a National level, professional level, at a grassroots level?  It will be unrecognisable to us as we sit here today, because the possibilities are immense.

Imagine a football club from a regional city that currently plays in the State League.  Ten years from now they have built themselves into a hub of footballing excellence.  They have a purpose built 10,000 seat stadium and sell out their home games every second week.  They have the support of their local football community as well as the local government, and a range of local business sponsors.  The team is made up of exciting local talent, and they’ve even managed to secure a high profile foreign player.  They now play in the A2 League and are proud to be one of a number of clubs to have won their way from the amateur leagues into being a fully professional club.

Or how about the A-League club that has become a major force in Asia, and is pushing the quality of football in Australia to new heights each season.  A club who is playing out of their newly built 35,000 seat stadium and achieving record crowds.  And this season they are aiming to go to a new level again, signing three of the biggest names we’ve ever seen in Australia in a single season.

One of the other A-League clubs they’ll be competing against is a club who has transformed themselves into the youth development club in the country.  Their academy teams attract the best talent, they have world class training facilities and their starting 11 each week has the lowest average age in the competition.  They’ve already produced a number of young players who have become Socceroos regulars.  And by placing their faith in the best young talent in the country, the club is able to profit when their players move to bigger clubs and foreign leagues.

And finally, a young kid who grew up a few blocks from his local football club.  He played all of his junior years with the club, and in that time they’ve moved from the 6th tier to the Conference League (4th tier).  At 17 years of age the kid has broken into the senior team and is playing regularly.  As a result of his breakout year he’s been approached by A2 and A3 clubs, but he wants to see out the year with his boyhood club, and is enjoying his football more than he ever has.  On the final day of the season, in front a sell-out crowd of 3,000 at the club’s suburban ground, he scores the winner which earns his team promotion to the A3 League, the first time they will ever play on the national stage.  At 17 years old he becomes a club legend.

These might sound like fairy tales, and without major change they are.  And there’s no guarantee that these types of stories will happen even with the TPO Vision in place.  But they become possible.  All we need is for the right people to believe in the possibility and to give those people a platform and a system that encourages them, and these types of stories can become our reality.


Call to Action

This article isn’t about a revolt or creating rebel leagues.  It isn’t about overthrowing the FFA or forcing their hand.  And it certainly isn’t about disunity or fracturing the football community.

It’s about having the discussions that should be taking place already.  It’s about going beyond just talk and taking real action.  It’s about putting a plan and a vision together, that all stakeholders can have input to, and will stand behind.  It’s an invitation for anyone and everyone involved in football in Australia to make a contribution.  The FFA, PFA, State Federations, regional associations, NPL clubs, state and regional clubs, referees, juniors, spectators, fans and sponsors – they all need to be involved and to work together.

But it all starts with having the conversation.

So this is my challenge and request.

1. I ask that you read this article again (yes, I know it’s long) and challenge me on anything I’ve said or implied that you have an issue with or can anticipate resistance to. That’s how plans improve.  That’s how we get a vision that everyone believes in.

2. I encourage you to share it with others who will also have suggestions, and are passionate about changing the game in Australia.

3. And most importantly, if you are in a position to help move this to the next level (and even if you’re not but want to stand with us all the same), please get in touch.

We keep hearing about the huge numbers of people involved in Australian football.  It’s about time we united and used that strength to change the future of our game.


Some Final Inspiration from Ange Postecoglou

I’m passionate about football to the point of being obsessive, and I have huge faith that the right people coming together will initiate positive change that most of us would not believe possible.  Maybe nothing comes of the hours and hours I’ve put into this post (months if you count all the time I spend thinking about it), but it’ll be articles and conversations and ideas like this that will spark something.  I’ll leave you with a couple of quotes from Ange Postecoglou’s book Changing the Game which really sum it up for me:

“Such is the energy stored in the huge football community that committed, visionary thinking and behaviour will unleash those huge pent-up reserves. I believe that with this type of mentality, the metrics will be washed away in a tsunami of positive responses from the football community. Give them something to chase, something towards which they can build, something that will make their dreams come to life. Empower them and just see how quickly it can happen.”

“I know the game has a big future. There can only be room at the game’s top levels for people who see the size of its potential. And I mean really believe it, not just mouthing platitudes to snare a few corporate dollars here and there. I’m talking about setting the place alight in pursuit of what this game can be in Australia. That’s a big vision for a big opportunity and there is a ridiculously big number of people in this country who will join us on that journey.”



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Comment (30)

  1. This was a really good read. I like how you’ve put a lot of thought into how to connect all the divisions together. I put together my own thoughts on a roadmap for expansion with pro/rel (inclusive of costs) but this goes much deeper in keeping a real connection between the A League NPL leagues which is great.

    I agree in principle with most of the structure and implementation that you suggest, including:
    – The overall vision
    – Process for expanding A1 and implementation of A2

    A couple of points I’d adjust or change:

    I’m not sold on this yet but maybe you could convince me. I’m not sure a National/Transitional league is necessary. I think if an A3 is implemented should be a fully professional league and treated exactly the same as A1 and A2.

    I’ll explain why.

    I like the idea of Transitional Licenses but rather than putting holders of this license into their own national league, what if these licenses were used to keep track of clubs outside of the A-League that are ready (or soon to be) for the big time?

    In fact there could be three licenses:

    Transitional (T-Licence): Clubs in the Conference leagues who have a plan and timeframe for A-League entry and are actively working towards meeting that criteria can apply for a T-Licence

    Provisional (P-Licence): Clubs in the conference leagues who have a T-Licence and have met all the requirements to play in the A-League are moved onto a Provisional Licence. These clubs are waiting for an opportunity to enter the A-League through the following means: through A-League expansion, with the formation of a new A-League division, by promotion through playoffs or to replace a club that’s lost/handed back their A-League licence.

    A-Licence: Any club playing in the A-League needs an A-Licence.

    Provisional and Transitional Licences would give the governing body a real way to track what clubs are ready for the A-League, giving them real insight into whether a team should be promoted to the A-League or if a new A-League division should be implemented.

    In theory clubs playing in the conference leagues that hold a Provisional Licence could be promoted to the A-League but personally, I’m not a supporter of pro/rel between the professional and semi professional leagues.

    I believe initial expansion of the A-League, implementation an A2 league and connecting the lower tiers could happen as you’ve suggested but instead of creating a transitional league, incentivise clubs to gain A-League access with T and P Licenses and create the A3 division when/if enough clubs meet the requirements.

    Up until now, I was neither strongly for or against the salary cap. I felt it had its good and bad points. Your section discussing it has completely changed my mind on it and now I agree, it’s got to go.

    1. Hi Aaron

      Thanks for your great comments.

      The A3 is the pillar to the whole thing, and is all about increasing the number of professional clubs in Australia (and all that goes with it – players, coaches, etc.). At some point there has to be a cut off between the Professional Leagues and the rest. At the same time, the highest non-Professional league must be at a level that encourages club growth and allows professional clubs to be ‘born’. The State-based NPL level can not do this job. In the long term I see the A3 becoming fully professional, but initially it is the league that will provide a platform for clubs to step up.

      With regards to the Licenses, I think we are on the same page but I might not have explained very well. Any club can have a Transitional License, and that includes clubs outside the A3. In fact, that’s the point. To get into the A3 you must already hold a Transitional License. Therefore, most clubs at the Conference level will want to hold one. Similar for the Professional License, it’s not ONLY for A1 and A2 clubs. The A3 clubs who are aiming to move up will also be able to hold a Professional License if they meet the criteria.

      The only difference to what you’re suggesting is that you’ve given the A-League clubs another License on top of that. I don’t have a problem with that, but I’m not sure what the point would be? I would have the same criteria for the A-League and A2 League as both are professional, so there’s no separate license needed.

      At the end of the day it’s all about creating clear criteria and a providing ALL clubs an opportunity move up the pyramid. The exact form of any licenses will be a continuing discussion.

      Thanks again for you commets.

  2. Great concept and finally approach our football pyramid from a football point of view and not from an accountant angle!

    I see the merit of A3 what is more it is imperative to have in order to get it right for up and coming players. I think A3 should have a salary guarantee to make the level truly semi-professional and create an environment for competitive high end youth development. A3 clubs should guarantee part time contracts for 14-16 players . For instance $25K for young players is a good starting point (with a part time job).

    This league should have 6-7x U23 players and no more than 1-2 foreigners on their first team books (A2 at least 3-4x U23 and no more then 2-3 foreign player). This can be optional but incentivised via league incomes distribution. I would like to see AL teams reserve (U23) sides entering into this competition too with “no promotion but possible relegation to NPL” condition. A3 can be played in two conferences (QLD/NSW/NNSW) and (VIC/SA/WA) to reduce travel costs and aviation / hotel chain sponsor is a must to reduce the biggest strain on A3 clubs’ budget. Important criteria that all AL, A2, A3 and NPL clubs must have full range of boys and girls U6-U21 academy set up (AL with compulsory, A2 with optional U23/Reserve team).

    All State would enjoy stronger youth development leagues made up by AL, A2, A3 clubs junior teams (with licenced coaches and monitored programs). The cost of junior football is still a big concern. Probably AL and A2 clubs have to guarantee free of charge elite, full time academies while significantly increased government funding (given the amount of players in our sport) should be directed to make A3 and NPL academies cheap or cost free (an other incentive to clubs able to enter into this league).

    I hope Lowy and Gallop reads your plan and stop looking at spreadsheets. It would be brilliant if AAFC puts a similar proposal on their flag. At the same time I believe high position football people like Ange Postecoglou and Eric Abrams from FFA can give it a push from inside.

    1. Thanks for your mesage Gabor.

      I think you’ve expanded well on a few ideas, and in particular the specific player rules for A3 will need to be discussed, whether it’s a minimum number of professional players or U21s in the squad, etc.

      I liken the A3 to the proposed second division being discussed by the Australian Associatoin of Football Clubs, and think that if it is viable at a National level, why split into conferences? Having said that, it would still work as a two-tier conference. I think it depends on the number of clubs interested and able to meet the criteria.

      People higher up than me will debate these sorts of points, but the important thing is to start the discussion.

  3. i like the ideas you’ve outlined greatly. a quick question – is there a place in this proposed structure for ambitious start-up clubs? for example, if a group wants to start up a new southern sydney/wollongong club, as recently declared by les murray and craig foster, where would they fit into this hierarchy. would they always have to start at, say, the state level and prove their worth over a number of seasons before the a-league is accessible, or would fulfilling other criteria allow them to fast track this process?

    i think one of the successes of the a-league has been to allow those football fans outside of traditional football communities in australia to have a way in, supporting a wide ranging club. i know that is certainly true for me – growing up as a football mad kid of spanish descent without a huge spanish community in australia meant i was simpy never engaged by the nsl and it wasn’t until broad geographical based clubs were created for the a-league that i could get a way in. whereas i can’t see a club like south melbourne or apia-leichhardt being able to develop that same sort of pull since they have very specific and small range local roots. i imagine allowing brand new, wide ranging clubs (like the current a-league clubs) may still be able to tap into the less specific possible fan bases.

    1. I think there are a couple of important points here.

      The first is that I think we need to allow for new clubs to an extent, but not let that shut the door on existing clubs. In establishing the A2, for instance, the FFA will need to conduct an application process. Any bids should be judged on their merits, whether they be new or existing clubs. Once the leagues are established though, I see that our future is based predominantly on the existing clubs being incentivised to grow.

      The second point is that there are a lot of perceptions of existing clubs which we can’t let influence the decision making. It’s easy to say that the clubs you mention have small local roots, but if they are ambitious and can meet the criteria, why should they be excluded? The entire model is about transparency, inclusiveness and opportunity. Excluding clubs based on what someone thinks about them is exactly the opposite of that.

  4. This is a huge post so I’ll comment in parts as I get though it.

    Comment on ISSUES:

    I like how you’ve summarised these. I think player fees warrant their own point and possibly facilities.

    Top level facilities are largely financially unsustainable for A-League clubs, second tier facilities are inadequate for many NPL clubs and amount to not much more than park football with a fence and at grassroots level clubs struggle to find enough facilities to service growing junior player numbers.

    1. I agree, fees are a big issue and I include the cost of coaching courses in that.

      The reason I’ve not commented on it here (and I will in a future post) is that I’m not sure it should directly impact the vision for the football pyramid. It’s definitely a consideration, but the system itself won’t be a solution.

      It’s an entire discussion by itself.


    I can see this post having structural issues as you try to balance explaining long term goals and the short term targets for plans trying to get there. I recommend in the future stating your ultimate visions and THEN showing a timeline to achieve that.

    I like your A1, A2 plan especially the J-League style profit/loss rule but I recommend scraping the owner investment rule.If I’m a billionaire who wants to spend and football is a game that wants money, why would we both deny ourselves?

    1. Timeline for implementation and how the leagues run together is later in the post :).

      With regards to owner investment, I tend to agree but would caveat that to say I think there needs to be balance. Rich owners should be welcomed and celebrated for as long as they are investing in Australian football. But that shouldn’t let clubs sit back and rely on it. Perhaps the second option I suggested is more in line with your thinking – it doesn’t cap owner investment, but it forces the club to work at increasing other sources of revenue at the same time.

      I’m sure there are other ways to look at this. The main point I wanted to get across with that section was to say that the salary cap is not the answer.


    Yes I will crucify you for this. I think the existing NPL playoff system will provide a better mechanism for promotion to A3, and that A3 itself can provide a conference like league structure to bridge the gap between national and state competition.

    – A conference system below A3 cannot fairly equalise leagues (WA/NT is not a fair equivalent to NSW/NNSW/ACT)
    – This imposes huge costs in league likely playing in State 2nd and 3rd divisions
    – This maintains the prestige of State League which are historically and culturally important in the local football ecosystems.

    In summary scrap the conference level on your pyramid and make A3 a conference style league system. For example, if A3 is broken up into 2 divisions, teams in the same division can play each other twice and play teams in the other division once to maintain national competition but minimise travel costs, like the NPL2 in Victoria.

    1. We’ll disagree here, but that’s the beauty of this discussion. I don’t have all the answers.

      I liken the A3 to the ‘second division’ that the AAFC are currently aiming for (which sounds like it would be on a national basis). And given that the A3 is the league that transitions clubs into the Professional Leagues, I believe it needs to be similar in structure to the A2. In other words, if we have the clubs willing and able to compete in a national A3, why split it into two conferences?

      In terms of the Conference system I’ve suggested, it’s purpose isn’t to equalise the leagues in terms quality. It’s to condense the number of teams at that level while minimising air travel. The stronger conferences over time will win more promotion playoffs and will have a larger representation in the A3 League. That is how the equalisation happens.

      The issue with leaving the fourth tier at the State level (eight leagues) is that for some it will be too big a step to move to the A3 (and too big a step down if relegated). My argument would be that if the ACT Champion wins a playoff game and finds themselves in the A3 League, they need to be competitive. And what happens if in the next year another ACT team wins promotion? Are they both competitive? If it’s too big a step up in terms of quality and professionalism, they need a stepping stone. It’s the same issue in reverse, if a club that is semi-professional drops back to a league where the quality is significantly lower, that hurts the club.

      What would you do with Northern Territory? If we’re talking about a long term vision that includes every single club in Australia, they need a pathway. But they’re not at a level where they can go straight to an A3 League. It’s the same thing, they need a stepping stone.


    I support conditional promotion and your plan. The details will obviously be a source of endless debate but I like your plan. Conditions need to be TRANSPARENT and REALISTIC. Great to see the importance of stadiums touched on here.

  8. lol glad to see the timeline later 😛 Still think the Professional League segment could be presented a little clearer


    I agree completely, which makes your early “Owner investment cannot form more than X% of revenue” criteria for professional leagues all the more confusing.

    1. I commented on this in a previous response, but essentially I’m trying to find a balance. Using a % of revenue as the constraint actually doesn’t cap owner expenditure at all. It just forces the club to grow in other areas as well, which I think is an important part of growing professional clubs.


    I agree! Fantastic point! The FFA’s lack of vision is to blame here. There is not reason we only have to pursue expansion! It’s very very narrow minded thinking

  11. Comment on FUNDING
    Not gonna get into A2,A3 plansm as I don’t agree with the A3 structure. Dropping the marquee fund, removing the salary cap are good ideas. I think we need a national Youth League so that A-League teams can benchmark their systems though – we won’t save much by scrapping it but lose a lot for A-League youth development

    1. I’m not against a National Youth League. I mention it more to show that there are other funding options. If the FFA isn’t going to commit to it, then why have a poor version at all?

  12. Top work overall. I like the passion and agree with many of your development philosophies.

    Better Vision than Gallop, Cahill and the woeful Whole of Football Plan combined.

    1. Thanks for taking the time to give a well-thought out response.

      If I can put something like this together, imagine what can happen if the whole football community comes together.

  13. Fantastic post!! Really hope.this goes viral within the football fraternity. It deserves it. Read through it all and it changed my opinion on a number of matters. Also so great to see what a potential pyramod would look like too.

    The one thing that stood out that i dont agree on is the rule that an A1 or A2 club cannot be in the red for 3 years in a row or else it would lose its licence. 2 issues with that theory imo. Firstly it stifles big clubs from becoming even more competitive on the global stage and if those clubs are owned by super rich owners and they are happy to stay in the red then so be it. Clubs in the top leagues of europe run in the red yet manage to also grow their brand and as a result the asset becomes more valuable. We shouldnt prevent clubs from spending. However i would say that if clubs were to go in the red for more than 3 consecutive years that a financial fair play rule comes into play, perhaps introducing a luxury tax of some sort which would go into a pool to fund other aress of the game as a result. That would naturally curb some clubs without completely forcing the hand.
    Also you would have to ask urself if 8 clubs all of a sudden went in the red for 3 years straight would we expect all 8 to fall off the top tier as a result? That would be ridiculous.

    But like i said i really enjoyed this post. Some amazing id3as that must be presented in front of people that can make change happen. Best football post ive read in years hands down! Well done!!

    1. Thanks Dave.

      I tend to agree with you with regards to owners being allowed to spend what they want. At the end of the day we should be encouraging investment in our game, and whether the money is sourced from sponsorship, tickets, merchandise, TV revenue or Owner’s pockets, it’s all going to football.

      The reason I made the comment about clubs remaining in the black is to show that if someone’s concern is a club overspending, there are ways to limit it. You’re not the first to bring this up though, so it may need to go from version 2!

  14. Hi Jake,

    You have put more thought into planning a solution for our game than anyone else I have seen to date.

    Congratulations on your considered, pragmatic and well laid out implementation plan.

    I hope that those who have the power to implement change take time to read your plan in full. There is no doubt that those in power can take many pointers from your plan for the future of Australian football.

    Once again, congratulations and many thanks for your fine work.

  15. Jake marvelous piece.

    Transfer fees restrictions also need to removed. It’s a huge potential revenue stream for smaller clubs in any level.

    Once again great work and hopefully those that can implement these ideas actually get across it and run with it.

    You need a big hitter to make a big hit!

  16. Great ideas and vision. I’m 50 / 50 on whether A3 would be conference or national level. My gut tells me that it needs to be two to save on costs but my heart says national and to back the clubs to make it work. I think you need to account for some subsidisation of A3 clubs in either case plus factor in running the league costs.

    Totally agree that scrapping the cap is imperative and I’m of the view we need to allow big spending owners to invest and generate interest.

    The less player restrictions the better, let the market decide.

    I think the idea that there are applications for A2 and that from there you could have promotion to A1 and that is your pathway for new or existing clubs. I think we need to guarantee a bit longer no relegation from a1 for longer and then slowly introduce it, ie not automatic but via a playoff with the A2 second place. (Note A1 gets bigger in this scenario which covers expansion).

    The thing that will derail this is self interest from clubs and states. We need to unite behind the vision and have a leader that can negotiate and show the necessary belief and passion so we are all united.

    1. Thanks Dave, some good points there.

      My view on a two-tier conference is that it doesn’t really work in Australia. It reduces the cost of travel PER CLUB but not overall because you have more teams travelling around the country. Not to mention that clubs from QLD, SA and WA still have to fly everywhere, so the reduced travel only really applies to NSW and VIC clubs. And I can’t see any more benefits. On the other hand, all of those clubs will now be playing against lower quality opposition, because the best players are spread over more clubs. If I’m a club in QLD and have the costs of flying around the country, I want to be playing in a single tier against the best opposition possible, and a two-tier Conference doesn’t offer that. The negatives outweigh the positives for me. Just my two cents!

      I can also see the benefit of a staged introduction of promotion and relegation with regards to the A-League. However, if there’s no relegation we still have the issue of having games at the bottom of the table with nothing on the line. If we are to use promotion as a way to expand the league, there’s a way that we can have both. For example, two clubs promoted from A2 and one relegated from A1. That way being the worst team has repercussions, and we’ve also increased the overall number of clubs in the A-League.

      Overall I think we agree on the end goal, and then it’s just a matter of figuring out the most efficient and effective way to get there.

  17. Hi Jake,
    I really Like your ideas about the divisions its brilliant.
    well done on the post its a great read. I think this is the best i have read and heard. Very detailed and straight to the point.
    i think you will definitely have Ange’s support on a lot of the areas you have detailed
    Again well done on your post.

  18. I had an idea I think can reconcile our disagreement about conferencing. If I remember correctly:

    Originally I said

    A1 – 1 League
    A2 – 1 League
    A3 – 1 League
    NPL – 8 State Leagues

    You said

    A1 – 1 League
    A2 – 1 League
    A3 – 1 League
    C – 5 Conference Leagues
    NPL – 8 State Leagues

    Here’s my new proposal:

    A1 – National
    A2 – National
    A3 – *Conferences*
    NPL – 8 State Leagues

    The A3 League will be made up of 16 teams broken into 4 conferences.
    Each team plays the teams in their own conference 4 times and every other team once.
    This results in a 24 game season for 16 teams.
    The top team in each conference qualifies for the promotion playoff to A2 against other conference winners.
    The bottom team in each conference is relegated to their respective state division.

    The four conferences will be:

    North (QLD and NNSW)
    East (NSW and ACT)
    South (VIC and TAS)
    West (WA and SA)

    This system results in:
    – Minimised travel (6 interstate games per regular season)
    – A truly national competition with interstate fixtures
    – A more gradual step up to national competition
    – Maintains the sanctity of state competitions and existing state lines

    What do you think?

    1. I think the idea has some merit. The confusion between our ideas comes from the fact that my ‘Conference’ suggestion is talking about five standalone leagues, whereas your ‘Conference’ is a single league with some fixture manipulation.

      I still think a single league with equal home and away fixturing is preferable to your conference suggestion for a few reasons, but only if the clubs involved have the financial ability to compete in a true national competition. Your version is an alternative to reduce costs if that’s not the case.

      The main issue with this type of conferencing is that it complicates promotion and relegation, because each conference must have four clubs to make the schedule work. And hypothetically you could have the top four all from the same conference, and have to relegate the club that comes fourth out of 16. Or the best club in the QLD/NNSW conference might finish 10th out of 16 but still make the promotion playoffs. And the club that is relegated from A2 will determine where promotion comes from (or vice versa) in order to keep the numbers right (e.g. NSW/ACT club must replace a NSW/ACT club). I’m all for conditional promotion/relegation when the criteria are 100% in the club’s control, but when a club is waiting on other factors it becomes an issue.

      Maybe a middle ground would be to say that promotion/relegation works as per normal, regardless of where the clubs are based, and we acknowledge that the league may become lop-sided over time? And that the fixturing would need to be tweaked each year to account for that. It’s not a great solution though.

      Keep the ideas coming!